Tips for Landscape Photography

Posted on: 3rd January 2014

Landscape photography is a classic favourite among amateur and professional photographers. The nature is a wealth of interesting subjects and they offer different perspectives depending on time of the day and season. To capture the beauty and grandeur of the surroundings, follow these tips.

  1. Create a sense of depth.

It is essential to keep focus on all of the different elements of the image. This way, you can create a greater sense of depth and produce awe-inspiring landscape photography. Choose a small aperture, around f/16-f/22, to keep both the foreground and background sharp and still highlight the subject of your picture. A tripod is needed to avoid camera shake and it will also minimize the amount of light entering the lens.

  1. Choose a wide angle lens.

Landscape PhotographyProjecting a broader view of your chosen landscape composition can be achieved through wide angle lenses. It makes the space seem wide, open and inviting. A wide angle lens allows you to have a greater depth of field. You can also let more light to enter the lens because you are using a faster shutter speed. Keep the foreground and background sharp by using an aperture of f/16.

  1. Do not forget your filters.

Landscape photography can be more vivid and dynamic by using polarizing filters and neutral density filters. While the former adds more contrast between different elements in the foreground and background, the latter minimizes the amount of light that enters the lens. This is necessary especially if you’re shooting on a bright day.

  1. Put emphasis on the movement.

Moving elements are interesting aspects of landscape photography. Catch the ‘whiteness’ of moving water by choosing a long exposure. You can opt for either Shutter Priority or TV mode. Allow an exposure of more than 2 seconds. If you will choose an Aperture Priority mode, combine it with f/32 aperture. Again, during bright days, reduce the light entering the lens by using a neutral density filter.

  1. Focus on the waters.

Waters are marvellous subjects for landscape photography. With the right amount of light, you can create stunning reflections and effects out of it. It would make ordinary objects within the surroundings – such as fallen leaves, branches and even small pebbles – look more interesting. Plan your photo op by sunrise or sunset, considered as the ‘golden hours’. Choose either Shutter Priority mode or TV mode. It is up to you what aperture and shutter speed would best capture the elements in their most fascinating angle.

  1. Include people.

A stunning landscape portrait with people on it adds the visual interest to any landscape scenario. You can plan the composition, like two lovers having picnic by the meadows, a cute kid jumping through the flowers, or a teenager reaching out for apples on the tree. Do not place the person in the centre of your focus so you can create a more creative concept. If you want to freeze the action, choose a fast shutter speed. On the other hand, if you want to capture the movement, then you will need a slow shutter speed.

  1. Remember the ‘Rule of Thirds’

This is done by creating an imaginary four lines, two are lying vertically and two are lying horizontally, which will produce nine evenly spaced out squares. An off-centre subject is more appealing to the viewer and you can also allow other elements in the picture to shine in its own way.

Recommended Settings

If you’re doing your landscape photography during the day, sharp images can be produced if you use smaller aperture. Movement of different elements such as animals, trees and humans would require filters to minimize the amount of light that would enter the camera. You can experiment with the shutter speed that would allow producing the clearest images.

Recommended Equipment

A lens hood is necessary to avoid flaring while a tripod would prevent camera shake. Polarizing filters and neutral density filters bring out the best hue of the sky and the clouds. The use of flash can provide more light to shadowy areas.


Nature always beckons photographers to marvel at its glorious elements and put it in print. So take time to observe the different elements that can serve as interesting subjects for your images. Even simple objects can provide a striking composition. It is important that you have the right equipment and that you know how to improvise when you’re faced with different lighting conditions. Patience is a must if you want to capture even just one stunning shot.

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