Essential Fishing Equipment To Catch That Prized Fish

Posted on: 25th May 2013

Whether you're new to fishing, or treats fishing contests as your life – there are appropriate supplies that you need to make it an unforgettable adventure. Here's what you should have to enjoy your fishing more, and hopefully catch more fish.

1. Fishing rod

It is probably the most important item of fishing tackle you will need for your newfound hobby or that fishing competition you’ve been meaning to join. A fishing rod is a long, straight, flexible pole that an angler uses to cast bait or lures into the water. Fishing rods can be made of bamboo, fiberglass, or graphite. Make sure that yours has the right weight and length to provide long-lasting comfort for the whole day.

What the rod does?

The rod's job is to take tension off the line. You want the rod to partially bend when fighting a fish. It has to take some of the tension off the line because if there was no transfer of tension, the line would break. The right rod bends just enough to take the tension from the line, allowing you to fight the fish and win.

2. Fishing reels and fly reels

Fishing reels store line on a spool. Depending on the sort of fish you're catching, you might want to be able to feed your line by hand, or by using the handle on the reel. Inside the reel, you’ll find an adjustable friction device (known as a drag) that helps the angler fight a fish. The drag creates tension on the line as it is pulled off the reel spool. When the fish pulls line off the reel, the constant tension tires it and keeps the line in order. Without a drag system, the fish would take out too much line, causing the line to tangle. On the other hand, not releasing any line from the reel would cause the line to snap.

3. Fishing line

Most fishing line is made of nylon and is called "monofilament," or mono for short. It comes on spools of various lengths that are called "tests." The type of fishing line you will need will depend on different factors such as the kind of fish you are after and the body of water you are going.

Types of fishing line

Monofilament is a great all-purpose fishing line that can be used anywhere. It typically comes in clear or green. A pre-spooled reel usually comes with this type of line. You have to re-spool your line at least once a year to avoid tangles and other frustrations.

Fluorocarbons look like monofilament but, are virtually invisible underwater. They have very little stretch, sinks faster than monofilament, and doesn't absorb water, therefore it retains 100% of its dry tensile strength. It is ideal for clear water and when there is heavy fishing pressure.

4. Bait

It is what you put on the end of your line to attract the fish. For most fish, the best all-around baits are night crawlers or earthworms. Earthworms are one of the most widely used forms of real bait. They can be used to catch almost any type of fish. Be sure to match the size of the worm to the size of the fish you're after and not to overload your hook. Remember, you want to give them a taste, not the whole meal. Minnows are probably the second most popular type of real bait. Fish also like crickets, grasshoppers, and crayfish. These natural baits die easily, and when dead they will no longer attract fish. Keep them in a cool, moist place, out of the sun.

5. Lures

In fishing lingo, artificial bait is usually called a lure. Artificial lures are designed to look and move like something a fish would eat. Of the hundreds of lures on the market, the most popular are spinners, crankbaits, and jigs with feathers or rubber bodies.

Spinners have small blades or propellers that rotate around a center shaft. They are easy to use and will catch a wide variety of fish. On clear days, use spinners with the lightest, brightest and shiniest blades; dark finishes go well on dull days or dingy waters.

Crankbaits are lures that look like a small fish. They are cast into the water and retrieved by reeling (aka cranking) the line back in. There are crankbaits for anglers working the surface as well as for medium and deep divers. These are more expensive than other lures, but are excellent for walleyes, pike, muskie, and bass.

A jig is simply a small hook with a lead ball near the eye of the hook. They are often decorated with feathers, artificial eyes, rubber legs, and tinsel. They are cast into the water and "jigged," or bounced up and down, to attract the fish.

6. Hooks

A basic fishing hook is shaped like the letter "j" and is made up of several parts. They are called the eye, the shank, the bend, the barb, and the point. Use a hook that fits the mouth of the fish you want to catch. Size 8 and 10 hooks are best for crappies, sunfish, and carp. Size 4 and 6 are good for walleyes, catfish, and northern pike.

7. Tackle box

A good sturdy tackle box – whether a fancy one from a sporting centre or an old toolbox is ok as long as it will keep the smaller items of fishing tackle, such as your bait and accessories safe.

These are just the basic equipment you will need for your fishing trip. There is still a broad category to look into but don’t also forget to wear proper clothing/gear, lots and lots of sunblock, and snacks. Enjoy your fishing!

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